John Pascoe Fawkner’s newspaper, The Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser, is published for the first time.
Charles Joseph La Trobe arrives in Sydney, en route from London, and spends six weeks there with Governor Gipps learning to be an Administrator.
Port Phillip District’s first permanent navigational light, fuelled by whale oil, is ready to commence operation at Point Gellibrand (Williamstown).
Post offices open at Kyneton and Port Fairy
Post offices open at The Grange (later Hamilton) and Seymour.
Melbourne’s first fire brigade, the Melbourne Fire Prevention Society, is established and soon afterwards Chief Constable William Sugden is appointed as superintendent.
Sectarian riots break out in Melbourne between Protestant Orange and Catholic factions
Port Phillip District of New South Wales becomes the Colony of Victoria.
A shepherd finds gold near Ballarat and within days gold discoveries are made throughout Victoria.
The foundation stones of the Melbourne Public Library (now State Library Victoria) and the University of Melbourne are laid.