Governor Richard Bourke visits from Sydney and names the settlement on the Yarra River, Melbourne.
Robert Hoddle is appointed surveyor for the Port Phillip District of New South Wales and commences the planning of Melbourne.
George Augustus Robinson becomes Chief Protector of Aborigines in the Port Phillip District of New South Wales.
Miss Anne Drysdale arrives from Scotland to become a sheep farmer; the town of Drysdale near Geelong is named after her.
Georgiana McCrae arrives with her children from London; after four years in Melbourne the family moves to Arthurs Seat
John Walpole Willis becomes the first Resident Judge in Port Phillip District, only to be dismissed two years later.
Charles Joseph La Trobe completes two weeks exploration of South Gippsland through difficult terrain, travelling 575 miles (950 km) chiefly on horseback.
Charles Joseph La Trobe lays the foundation stone of Prince’s Bridge.
The Melbourne Hospital opens on the corner of Swanston and Lonsdale Streets. It had been
founded 2 years earlier with La Trobe as patron.
The first census of the new colony of Victoria is undertaken, revealing a total population of 77,345.
Melbourne’s first Town Hall opens; it proves to be inadequate and is replaced by the present building within sixteen years.
The first Australian electric telegraph line opens between Melbourne and Williamstown.
The Melbourne Public Library, now State Library Victoria, opens.